A gas boiler, fuelled with natural gas, oil, LPG or propane (etc), is the most common kind of appliance used for central heating in Ditherington and throughout the United Kingdom. It heats water which flows through pipes or a radiator, and it is used for hot water in the home as well as for a central heating system. It is also used for radiant floor heating systems. An annual boiler inspection and maintenance check by a registered “Gas Safe” gas boiler service heating engineer is essential for safety and comply with UK Law.
The Engineer will make sure that the heating system is installed according to regulations during the annual central heating and boiler inspection, that it is safe and it is working efficiently according to the manufacturers’ instructions. If this is done properly every year, gas boiler breakdowns and the resulting emergency repair work can often be avoided.
Ditherington Super Low Energy Combi Boiler Inspection – Several Things You Will Want to Know
The main theory of what a conventional non condensing boiler does is pretty simple. A boiler works by igniting a combustible fuel source (oil, natural gas, or LP gas), with an appropriate air mixture. The heat from the flame and hot combustion gases pass through a heat exchanger within the boiler, where water is heated and then circulated through radiators, under floor radiant tubing, and hot water cylinders throughout the house. The flue gases then escape through the chimney or venting system. A decent amount of heat is wasted with this type of boiler, where the heated gases are just directly vented out. These types of boilers have a lower efficiency rating; no higher than 75%. An efficiency rating is basically a gauge of how much energy the boiler transfers from fuel used to how much heat is supplied to the system.
Condensing boilers work a bit differently. They essentially have some of the same components non condensing boilers do, except for a second heat exchanger. One of the gases produced in the combustion of fuel is water vapour.Where the hot flue gases just got vented out in a traditional boiler; condensing boilers condense these vapours around a second heat exchanger before venting. By the time the gases are ready to be vented out they are much cooler, around 60 degrees Celsius. As a result the vent pipe used in installation can be made of PVC.
With these systems some of the internal components have to be made of more durable material, because the condensed water tends to be acidic with a 3-5 pH. This results in the cost of the condensing boiler being higher than average. The secondary heat exchanger is where the system return enters first. So by the time the water enters the primary heat exchanger it is already been preheated, allowing the boiler to work more efficiently. The efficiency rating from condensing boilers range from between 80% to 98%.
Combi boiler / Combination boiler
Combi boiler / Combination boiler is an excellent choice for homes with limited space. Combi boiler / Combination boiler is a domestic water heater and a central heating system combined into one unit. They have a heating coil inside of them, and function like an unlimited on-demand water heater. Combi boilers don't have cylinders or external holding tanks like traditional systems do, so they can be installed in areas where a typical system would never work.
Condensing Boiler Pros
1 They are fuel economical and have a 15-30% higher efficiency rating than non condensing counterparts
2 Considerable savings on annual energy expenses
3 Most units are very quite ( they make as much noise as a window mounted air conditioner)
4 Many Models could easily fit in a small closet and have combination boiler
5 They are more environmentally friendly with C02 output
Condensing Boiler Cons
1 Initial cost of the unit is more
2 Units need to have the acidic condensate fitted outside or to a waste line
3 The dwelling the boiler is installed in needs to be insulated well, otherwise the heat saved through efficiency will be lost through the walls.
4 Most units need an outdoor weather sensor to operate effectively
High Efficiency Condensing Boilers and Combination Boilers
Oil fired condensing boilers are just starting to be used in the United States. There are some obstacles to overcome and some great advantages to condensing oil technology.
One of the main reasons that they have not been used more is because of the lack of low-sulphur heating oil being readily available. A condensing oil boiler must burn the low-sulphur heating oil for it to work properly. As more and more of these units are sold in different areas of the US the right fuels will become more readily available.
Modern oil condensing boilers can save you as much as 30% more energy than many conventional boilers. A modern oil condensing boiler will not only heat more efficiently, but because of this it will reduce your heating oil consumption. When low-sulphur heating oil or heating oil with biogenic additives are used in an oil condensing boiler, it then becomes almost as environmentally friendly as using natural gas.
If your boiler is more than 15 years old, replacing it with a new condensing boiler, of the right heat output for your property size, should save you around a third on your heating oil bills. If you plan to install a new boiler or to replace an existing one, in some cases you will need to install a condensing boiler to meet today's higher standards for energy efficiency required under many building codes. Today's new boilers are not only smaller, neater, they also take up less space, Therefore they are much more energy efficient and therefore use less fuel to produce the same amount of BTU's. A typical conventional boiler burns fuel in a combustion chamber that is surrounded by a water jacket. Condensing boilers also extract the heat from the products of combustion using a secondary heat exchanger.
A condensing combi boiler is a boiler that will heat your home and provide you with instantaneous hot water, without adding a hot water tank. Most of these boilers use a coil that is immersed in the hot water inside the boiler. The cold water is run through the coil and the heat is transferred from the boiler water to the domestic water. These boilers make the production of your hot water very efficient also.
Condensing oil boilers basically are not that much different than conventional boilers. They just are designed so that they reduce the flue gases temperature to the point where the water vapor in the exhaust is cooled to the point where it condenses. This condensing feature also releases the latent heat in the flue gases. This heat is also collected and used to heat you home.
Condensing boilers are not only a great deal for new construction, but they can also be used to upgrade many old heating systems. They are nearly the same size as older boilers and in some cases they are smaller. The piping may have to be reconfigured a bit, but a good contractor can fit an oil fired condensing boiler easily into any system. You gain will be a highly efficient and comfortable heating system.
For Ditherington Systems We Often Suggest Purchasing From The Our Recommended Combi Boiler Range
Gas boilers normally extract the air they require for combustion either from inside the heated area or straight from the outside. Extracting air directly from outside, characteristically via a plastic pipe that moves through an outside wall, is more effective and secure.
This system is generally referred to as 'sealed combustion', since the gas is burned in a chamber that is blocked to engaged areas. This arrangement almost removes any hazard in the event of combustion gases seeping out into engaged areas.
The efficiency of gas boilers can be greatly increased by incorporating motorized dampers that block the flue pipe outlet when the boiler is not in use. This helps in preventing the loss of heated room air between boiler cycles. Another way to increase the efficiency of gas boilers is by using electric ignition. This does away with the necessity for a standing pilot light.
Gas boiler efficiency can also be enhanced by fan-assisted combustion systems, which do not call for a very big natural draft chimney and can be relieved through a minor flue pipe straight through a wall. Gas boilers, in reality, operate best at full load. When their intensity is lessened, they can drop by as much 20 percentage points in efficiency.
If building requirements are diverse, as is common in commercial buildings, multiple boilers are considered to be highly suitable. Generally, small gas boilers that function effectively are considered a better option than the most suitable of the bigger gas boilers. As has been observed, a number of small boilers can function more competently than a single big system. The reason is that each gas boiler can function frequently close to its full load, which is the most important yardstick for a gas boiler to function in an effective manner.